Hardwood Floor Refinishing Tips

If your hardwood floors are starting to look worn, refinishing them can make them beautiful again. Typically, a new coat of finish is needed to protect your flooring from daily use and the effects of UV light.

The first step is to clear the room for refinishing, including removing furniture and covering fixtures with plastic tarps. Next, tape off outlets and gaps under doors to prevent dust from spreading beyond the refinishing area. Contact Hardwood Floor Refinishing Bergen County NJ now!

When it comes to refinishing hardwood floors, sanding is the most intensive step. However, it’s a critical one that will ensure a smooth finish for your new coating. Before you begin sanding, make sure all furniture is removed from the room, and that any fixtures or appliances are covered with plastic tarps to protect them from dust. You’ll also want to tape up outlets, gaps under doors and other areas where dust might sneak in.

Once you’ve swept up any remaining debris, vacuum the floor and wipe it down with a damp rag to remove any traces of dirt and dust. If there are any gouges in the floor, they can be filled with wood putty and sanded again using medium-grade sandpaper. If you’re unsure whether or not your sanding job is even, you can do a final pass with a hand sander and a fine-grit sandpaper to smooth the floor.

As you sand the floor, be careful to follow the direction of the grain. This will prevent scratches and uneven surfaces, which can be difficult to fix later on. Once you’re done sanding, check the results and make any necessary adjustments. If your floors are extremely uneven, a professional might be needed to help you get them in pristine condition.

Before you move on to the staining process, it’s a good idea to let your floor dry completely. This will usually take three to eight hours, depending on the manufacturer’s instructions. During this time, you can start to think about what color and finish you’d like your floors to be.

If you’re on a budget, you may want to consider choosing a water-based stain, as it’s more economical and less durable than polyurethane. However, if you’re looking for something more durable, polyurethane or an acid-cured finish might be your best options.

Once the refinishing is complete, you can start to look forward to the end result of your project! Just remember to regularly sweep, vacuum and mop your floors to keep them in top shape. Debris left on your floors can act like sandpaper and cause scratches and wear over time.


Staining your hardwood floors is like giving them a makeover. It can completely transform the look of your home and add a new level of character to your rooms. Staining can also increase your floor’s durability and lifespan. But staining is a process that requires a lot of preparation and work. The first step is sanding the floors to remove the old finish and prepare them for staining. This is done with a drum or belt sander, a dust mask, and plenty of elbow grease. Start with coarse grit sandpaper and gradually move to finer grits until the floor is smooth and ready for staining.

Next, choose a color for your floors. There are many different colors to choose from, so it’s important to take some time and consider what shade will best fit your style and home. It can help to get some inspiration by looking at pictures online or going to the flooring isle at your local big box store to see what colors catch your eye.

Once you’ve chosen a color, it’s time to apply the stain. Use a brush or clean rag and apply the stain in small manageable sections. Work with the grain of the wood, as this will ensure an even application. After applying the stain, wait a few minutes and then wipe off any excess with a clean rag. The amount of stain that the wood can absorb is limited, so it’s important not to over apply or use multiple coats. This can cause bleed back, where the stain wicks up to the surface of the wood as the solvent in the finish begins to evaporate.

It’s optional to water pop the floors prior to staining, but it’s a good idea for darker stains or if you want your floors to appear more even. This process opens up the pores of the wood, making it less likely to blotch when the stain is applied.

Once the stain is dry, it’s a good idea to use a polyurethane as a topcoat on your floors. This will protect them from scratches and scuff marks, and will prolong the life of your stained wood floors.


A varnish is a clear liquid that goes over wood, protecting it and providing a sheen that helps resist damage. There are many types of varnish available, and the choice will depend on the type of look you want and how durable a surface you need. For example, high-traffic areas may need a hardy, long-lasting finish, while bedrooms and other low-traffic areas can get by with a less durable but still lovely coating.

To prepare the wood for a varnish, you need to make sure it’s free of any stains or other coatings that could prevent the new coat from adhering properly. A good vacuum is essential, as well as a dust mop to help remove any dirt or other particles that could affect the final result.

The next step is to sand the floor again, this time with fine grit sandpaper (usually 220-grit). Again, the room should be well-ventilated, and you’ll need to wear a mask. Once you’ve sanded the floor to a smooth, even surface, you can begin applying the varnish. Depending on the type of varnish you choose, it may need several coats to build up a solid, protective surface. When you’re ready to apply the next coat, it’s important to stir the varnish gently and not brush too thickly. This can create bubbles that will interfere with a smooth, glossy finish. For best results, you should also lightly sand between each coat using fine sandpaper (220-grit) to ensure an even finish.

You can opt for a traditional oil-based varnish or a water-based polyurethane. Both will provide a long-lasting, beautiful protective finish, but it’s important to read the product instructions carefully as there are some differences between them. For example, oil-based varnishes need to be wiped down between coats as they can yellow over time, whereas water-based polyurethane is not affected by moisture or acidic substances.

While it’s not easy to achieve flawless perfection in wooden floor restoration, most people now prefer to preserve the natural beauty of wood and embrace its imperfections as part of a home’s character. By repairing scratches, buffing and re-varnishing periodically, you can prolong the life of your hardwood floors and enjoy the rich, natural beauty they add to your home’s interior.


After sanding, it is time for staining and finishing. The first step is to choose your shade. Staining is optional, but it can make your floors look more vibrant and beautiful. Whether you are using oil, water-based or lacquer stain, it is important to follow the instructions on the container and apply each coat in thin layers along the wood grain. You should use a foam applicator pad to minimize over-applying and leave it to dry completely.

The next step is to seal the floor. This is typically done with polyurethane. Professionals usually recommend three coats. This helps to ensure a hard, durable surface that will be resistant to scratches and other common wear and tear. This also protects the sanded wood from moisture and sunlight that can cause damage over time.

You should wait two days to allow the floor to dry between each coat. It is also important to remove all furniture from the room, if possible. During this process, it is important to use a dust mop and vacuum regularly to remove debris that can scratch or damage the new finish. You should also place doormats in entryways to reduce the amount of dirt and grime that is tracked into your home.

If you decide to do the staining yourself, it is a good idea to practice on a piece of scrap wood to get a feel for the sanding machine and to ensure that you are following all of the directions carefully. It is also recommended that you use a face mask rated for fumes during the staining process.

After the stain has dried, it is a good idea to sand again with a fine grit sandpaper and clean thoroughly. Once the sanding is complete, you can use a sanding sealer to protect the hardwood and make the finishing process easier. You can choose to use an oil-based or water-based polyurethane. Water-based finishes are low in VOCs and dry quickly, but they do not provide as much protection against stains, spills and other types of damage as an oil-based finish.